With his passing, the world has lost another direct connection to the Cold War space race of the s and 70s. Leonov was widely admired by other astronauts and cosmonauts, and his exploits in orbit were legendary. He was also regarded as a man of great compassion, who was deeply affected by the deaths of his colleagues and friends in the ground-breaking but perilous contest in space between the superpowers. Yet his passion for art made him somewhat atypical of the "steely-eyed missile men" who made up the astronaut and cosmonaut corps during the s. His hobby was not always a good fit with the technocratic nature of the Soviet space effort.
Neil Alden Armstrong August 5, — August 25, was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer , and the first person to walk on the Moon. He was also a naval aviator , test pilot , and university professor. A graduate of Purdue University , Armstrong studied aeronautical engineering; his college tuition was paid for by the U. Navy under the Holloway Plan. He became a midshipman in and a naval aviator the following year.
Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. The first steps by humans on another planetary body were taken by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on July 20, The astronauts also returned to Earth the first samples from another planetary body. Apollo 11 achieved its primary mission - to perform a manned lunar landing and return the mission safely to Earth - and paved the way for the Apollo lunar landing missions to follow.
On July 20, , American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin became the first humans ever to land on the moon. About six-and-a-half hours later, Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon. As he took his first step, Armstrong famously said, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. Kennedy announced a national goal of landing a man on the moon by the end of the s. Apollo 17, the final manned moon mission, took place in