Yves Coppieters does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. In Haiti, about , people out of a population of 11 million are believed to be living with the HIV virus. What explains this lack of access to care? Despite many public health interventions in the region, people in Haiti that are infected with HIV are vulnerable to stigmatisation, particularly sexual minorities. The latter suffer considerable ostracism, which prevents access to care.
Skip to content. Outside, the office is unmarked. The current office is on a side street, unmarked, with a plainclothes security guard out front. The reception area is decorated with a rainbow flag and a rainbow clock. Behind the front desk sits a young transgender woman with a warm smile. Smitchyna Charles, a Kouraj receptionist and human rights trainer, tells me that last year life in Haiti became more dangerous for her community.
There is no law against homosexuality in the Haitian Penal Code. Haiti does not recognize same-sex marriages, civil unions or similar institutions. They do not have an anti-hate crime law that specifically addresses discrimination and harassment that LGBTI Haitians face on the basis of their sexual orientation or gender identity. No published cases have been found. Would be grateful if users of this website are able to refer us to any that they know of which involved LGBTI cases from Haiti.
Adult, noncommercial and consensual same-sex sexuality is not a criminal offense, but transgender people can be fined for violating a broadly written vagrancy law. Public opinion tends to be opposed to LGBT rights , which is why LGBT people are not protected from discrimination, are not included in hate crimes laws and households headed by same-sex couples do not have any of the legal rights given to married couples. When Haiti became independent from France in , no law that criminalized consensual same-sex sexual acts was introduced, and no such law has come into the penal code since. Haiti does not recognize same-sex marriages , civil unions or similar institutions. Haitian law does not have a hate crimes or bias-motivated crime law to address harassment and violence directed at LGBT people.